D6-Deliverable D2.1: Data base of hazards related to closed and abandoned coalmines and lignite in Europe

The current document is the technical report of Task 2.1, supporting and supplementing the knowledge base created for D2.1. The primary objective of this task was to create a comprehensive knowledge database for the coal mining communities, explicitly focusing on post-mining hazard occurrences. The primary deliverable is an Excel spreadsheet with a knowledge base document describing the hazards affecting abandoned coal mines
across Europe. Partners representing each country (France, Germany, Greece, and Poland) have been in contact with various national and regional organizations. They gathered relevant data, representative examples, and information on hazard management related to abandoned coal and lignite mines. 

Section 4.1 provides the database’s creation development, while section 4.2 outlines the families categorizing post-mining hazards. Section 4.3 establishes the guidelines governing the utilization of the final knowledge database. Additionally, these guidelines are available as an additional sheet within the Excel file.


D7- Deliverable D2.2: Critical analysis and methodology of multi-hazard interaction

The deliverable addresses more precisely:
• The post-mining hazard and the approaches and used tools across Europe to assess and integrate in a single and consistent framework several specific hazards / hazards interactions and their socio-economic implications;
• The gaps in terms of methods for evaluating specific hazards / hazards interactions, and their socio-economic implications.
The main objective of the deliverable is to summarize the feedback and the critical analysis regarding the risk assessment for multi-hazards in the mining sector and, more precisely, in post-mining areas.
The main outcome of this analysis is showing that the number of the post-mining hazards considered varies from one country to another. The main post-mining hazards related to abandoned coal-mines in Europe are: ground movement, pollution, hydrological disturbance. But also, in Poland, the induced seismicity and radiation are considered as post-mining hazards related to coalmine.
The critical analysis clearly highlighted the lack of multi-hazard analysis. Different tools used for multi-hazard analysis of natural hazards can be used in the context of the postmining hazards, such as multi-hazard matrix, interaction organigram etc. The multi-hazard assessment will present important benefits for stakeholders.
The next steps are the studying of the multi-hazards and multi-risks, methods and regulations for the identification, analysis, classification and assessment of post-mining hazards for their respective countries, and with particular reference to their areas of specific expertise.